Gregory Thaumaturgus
(ca. 210-260)

EarlyChurch.org.uk


Synopsis

GREGORIUS NEO-CÆSARENSIS THAUMATURGUS, the enthusiastic disciple of Origen, and the apostle of Pontus; was b. at Neo-Cæsarea in Pontus, and destined for some kind of civil career, but happened to come to Cæsarea in Palestine, where Origen had settled down shortly before (in 231), and remained there, studying under his tutorship, for eight years. Before he returned home he wrote his panegyrics on his great teacher (specially edited by J. A. Bengel, 1722); and shortly after his arrival home he was consecrated bishop of his native city by Phædimus of Amisus. He found seventeen Christians in Neo-Cæsarea when he entered his office: there were only seventeen Pagans left when he died (about 270). Testimonies of the energy he de-veloped and the influence he exercised are not only the legends which cluster around his name, but also the writings he left, - his so-called canonical letter on discipline, one of the most inter-esting documents of ancient Christianity; the con-fession he used for the catechumens of his church; his paraphrase of Ecclesiastes. They were edited by G. Voss, Mayence, 1604, in Paris, 1622; in GALLAND: Bibi. Patr., III.; and MIGNE: Patrol. Græca, X. His life was written by GREGORY of NYSSA (utterly unreliable), PALLAVICINI (Rome, 1644), J. L. BOYE (Jena, 1703), and VICTOR RYSSEL (Leipzig, 1880).

W. Müller, "GREGORIUS NEO-CÆSARENSIS THAUMATURGUS," Philip Schaff, ed., A Religious Encyclopaedia or Dictionary of Biblical, Historical, Doctrinal, and Practical Theology, 3rd edn, Vol. 2. Toronto, New York & London: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1894. p.906.

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Primary Sources

On-line Resource Gregory of Nyssa, Life of Gregory the Wonder Worker.
On-line Resource Origen, Letter to Gregory on Classical Learning (Medieval Sourcebook).
On-line Resource Gregory Thaumaturgus, Canonical Epistle (Christian Classics Ethereal Library)
On-line Resource Gregory Thaumaturgus, A Metaphrase of the Book of Ecclesiastes (Christian Classics Ethereal Library)
On-line Resource Gregory Thaumaturgus, The Oration and Panegyric Addressed to Origen (Christian Classics Ethereal Library)
Book or monograph Gregory Thaumaturgus, Works of St. Gregory Thaumaturgus / St. Gregory Thaumaturgus. Life of Gregory the Wonderworker / St. Gregory of Nyssa. Michael Slusser, translator. Fathers of the Church. Washington D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 1998. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200989. pp.220. {Amazon.com}

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Secondary Sources

On-line Resource Gregory the Wonder Worker (Butler's Lives of the Saints)
Book or monograph F.L. Cross, The Early Christian Fathers. Studies in Theology 1. London: Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 1960. Hbk. pp.174-176.
Article R. van Dam, "Hagiography and History: The Life of Gregory Thaumaturgus," Classical Antiquity 1 (1982): 272-308.
Book or monograph Robin Lane Fox, Pagans and Christians. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1988. Pbk. ISBN: 0140159894. pp.516-42. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource St. Gregory of Neocaesarea (H. Leclercq)
Article K.W. Noakes, "The Metaphase on Ecclesiastes of Gregory Thaumaturgus," Studia Patristica (1984): 196-99.
Article W. Telfer, "The Cultus of Gregory Thaumaturgus," Harvard Theological Review 29 (1936): 225-234.
Article Joseph W. Trigg, "God's Marvelous Oikonomia: Reflections of Origen's Understanding of Divine and Human Pedagogy in the Address Ascribed to Gregory Thaumaturgus," Journal of Early Christian Studies 9.1 (2001): 27-52.

Related Subjects

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