Alexander of Alexandria
(d. 328)

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ALEXANDER patriarch of Alexandria 313-326. Under him the Arian controversy broke out in 319. Arius was condemned by a synod in Alexandria, in 320. at which a hundred bishops were present. When banished, he went to Palestine; and, as he was well received there, Alexander wrote first to certain bishops separately, then an encyclical letter to all the bishops of the church, setting forth the errors of Arius. The interference of the Emperor Constantine, though intended to still the rising storm, gave only occasion to more debate; and in 325 the first ecumenical council followed. Of Alexander's letters two have come down to us, - one having been preserved by Socrates (I. 6), and another by Theodoret (I. 4).

"ALEXANDER," Philip Schaff, ed., A Religious Encyclopaedia or Dictionary of Biblical, Historical, Doctrinal, and Practical Theology, 3rd edn., Vol. 1. Toronto, New York & London: Funk & Wagnalls Company, 1894. p.53.

Primary Sources

Book or monograph Alexander of Alexandria, Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. 6: 289-304.
Book or monograph Athanasius, Defense Against the the Arians.
Book or monograph Epiphanius, Panarion 69.4.
Book or monograph Socrates, Church History 1.5-6, 9.
Book or monograph Sozomen, Church History 1.15.
Book or monograph Theodoret, Church History 1.4.

Secondary Sources

On-line Resource St Alexander (Catholic Encyclopedia)
Article in Journal or Book Pauline Allen, "The Festal Letters of the Patriarchs of Alexandria: Evidence for Social History in the Fourth and Fifth Centuries," Phronema 29.1 (2014): 1-19.
Article in Journal or Book V. Burrus, "The Heretical Woman as Symbol in (bishop) Alexander, Athanasius, Epiphanius, and Jerome," Harvard Theological Review 84 (1991): 229-48.
Article in Journal or Book M.J. Edwards, "Alexander of Alexandria and the Homoousion," Vigiliae Christianae 66.5 (2012): 482–502.
Article in Journal or Book Adam C. English, "Alexander of Alexandria, Arius, and Theological Method,\" Phronema 30.1 (2015): 1–22.
Article in Journal or Book M.J. Edwards, "Alexander of Alexandria and the Homoousion," Vigiliae Christianae 66.5 (2012): 482–502.
Article in Journal or Book Alvyn Pettersen, "The Arian Context of Athanasius of Alexandria’s Tomus Ad Antiochenos VII," The Journal of Ecclesiastical History 41.2 (April 1990): 183-198.

Related Subjects

Alexander of Alexandria | Ambrose | Aristides | Arnobius | Athanasius | Athenagoras | Augustine | Basil | Boethius | John Cassian | Celsus | Clement of Alexandria | Clement of Rome | Constantine | Cyprian | Cyril of Alexandria | Cyril of Jerusalem | Ephraem the Syrian | Epiphanius | Eusebius of Caesarea | Gregory of Nazianzus | Gregory of Nyssa | Gregory Thaumaturgus | Hermas | Hilary of Poitiers | Hippolytus | Ignatius of Antioch | Irenaeus of Lyons | Julius Africanus | Jerome | John Chrysostom | Josephus | Justin Martyr | Justinian I | Lactantius | Leo the Great | Marcellus | Martin of Tours | Melito | Methodius | Minucius Felix | Novatian | Origen | Pachomius | Papias | Philo | Polycarp | Synesius of Cyrene | Tatian | Tertullian | Theodore of Mopsuestia | Theodoret | Theophilus | Tyconius | Ulfilas | Victorinus | Marius Victorinus

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