Augustine of Hippo (354-430)
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Augustine of Hippo (from André Thevet)

Augustine of Hippo
(from André Thevet)

Augustine & Monica

Augustine & Monica


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Synopsis

Augustine is acknowledged as having been one of the most important influences on the development of the western Christianity.[1] The theological system he developed dominated the mediaeval church until the thirteenth century and its influence is still felt today.[2] A large number of his writings have survived and we know a great deal about his life from his Confessions and Revisions; from a contemporary biography,[3] and from his letters, (over 200 of which have survived).[4] His most famous work, Confessions (written about 397), was not intended simply as an autobiography as such. Rather, it is a long prayer of penitence and thanksgiving for the grace of God evidenced during the first 33 years of his life.[5] Numerous modern biographies have been written[6] and so I will sketch only a brief outline of his life.

Aurelius Augustinus was born in the town of Thagaste in North Africa, the son of Patricius and Monica. His father was a pagan until near the time of his death,[7] but his mother was a devoted follower of Catholic Christianity. The young Augustine was eager to learn and fascinated with the problem of the origin of evil.[8] When he attempted to find a solution in Scriptures he was disappointed by the coarse and rustic style of his Latin Old Testament compared to the elegance of the Greek classics.[9] So at the age of 19 he joined the sect of the Manichees as a 'hearer'[10] The Manichees were followers of Mani (born 14th April AD 216),[11] a man who formulated what was effectively an amalgam on Zoroastrianism, Buddhism and Christianity. He claimed to have been inspired by the same spirit that inspired Zarathustra, Buddha Guatama and Jesus - the Holy Spirit.[12] Mani's teaching would, of course, supersede that of those who preceded him.[13] The Manichees used the Bible to support many of their teachings, claiming that the New Testament had been corrupted by the Judaisers.[14] It centred around a dualism of good and evil and drew extensively on the Genesis account of Adam and Eve. John Burnaby explains: The Manichaean system…

accounted for the creation of the world as a product of a conflict between light and dark substances and for the soul of man as an element of the light entangled in the dark. Manchaeaism claimed to be the true Christianity, preaching Christ as the redeemer who enables the imprisoned particles of light to escape and return to their own region.[15]

Augustine records some of the stranger teachings of the sect ...

I was gradually led to believe such nonsense as that a fig wept when it was plucked, and that the tree which bore it shed tears of mother's milk. But if some sanctified member of the sect were to eat the fig - someone else, of course, would have committed the sin of plucking it - he would digest it and breathe it out again in the form of angels or even particles of God, retching them up as he groaned in prayer. These particles of the true and supreme God we supposed to be imprisoned in the fruit and could only be released by means of the stomach and teeth of one of the elect. I was foolish enough to believe that we should show more kindness to the fruits of the earth than to mankind, for whose use they were intended. If a starving man, not a Manichee, were to beg for a mouthful, they thought it a crime worthy of mortal punishment to give him one.[16]

For a time Augustine found an explanation of the origin of evil in the Manichaean idea that evil has a physical form "...a shapeless, hideous mass, which might be solid, in which case the Manichees called it earth, or fine and rarefied into air."[17] Ultimately this explanation did not satisfy him.

Having left Africa for Rome Augustine became increasingly dissatisfied with the teachings of the Manichees and turned instead to Neo-platonism. In Rome he was able to use his Manichee contacts to obtain a post in Milan,[18] were he became a catechumen of the church. This act did not indicate any commitment to Christianity, as his Confessions make clear. It was simply the respectable thing to do. However, attending the church there brought him under the ministry of the bishop, Ambrose.[19] Ambrose's allegorical and Platonising[20] interpretation of the Scriptures in the tradition of Origen[21] made a great impression on Augustine,[22] who had been unimpressed by the literal interpretation practised by his mother as we have seen.[23] It is important to note that the Neoplatonists of Milan were in a minority in their spiritualised view of Scripture. The majority of the Church held to the more literal view.[24]

After a long struggle he was converted - the story of which is well known[25] - and baptised by Ambrose in 387. Following the death of his mother Augustine returned to Thagaste. There he might have ended his days in monastic retirement had not the church in the city of Hippo Regius pressed him to help them against the Manichees and Donatists who were opposing them there. This task Augustine, a former Manichee, was well equipped to undertake, and received ordination as bishop of Hippo in 396. Augustine never learned to read Greek and disliked Greek literature[26] and so was restricted in his biblical studies to working with a Latin translation.

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References

[1] John Burnaby & the Editors, "Augustine," Encyclopedia Britannica, Macropedia., Vol. 14, 15th edn. (1993): 397. B. Struder, "Creation," Angelo D. Bernardino, ed. Encyclopaedia of the Early Church, Vol. 1. (Cambridge: James Clarke & Co., 1992). Struder notes that western theology based its doctrine of creation upon the works of Augustine.

[2] Justo L. González, Faith & Wealth: A History of Early Christian Ideas on the Origin, Significance, and Use of Money. (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1990), 214; Burnaby & the Editors, 400.

[3] Written by Bishop Possidius of Calama. W.G. Rusch, The Later Latin Fathers. (London: Duckworth, 1977), 105.

[4] Burnaby, EB., Mac., Vol. 14, 398.

[5] Rusch, 110. See further: A. Craig Troxel, "What Did Augustine 'Confess' in His Confessions," Trinity Journal, Vol. 15 ns, No. 2 (1994): 163-179.

[6] The best (in the opinion of W.H.C. Frend) is that of Peter Brown: Augustine of Hippo: A Biography. (London: Faber & Faber, 1967).

[7] Augustine, Confessions, 2.3.5 (NPNF, 2nd series, Vol. 1, 56).

[8] Robert M. Grant, Miracle and Natural Law in Graeco-Roman and Early Christian Thought. (Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co., 1952), 148.

[9] Brown, Augustine, 42.

[10] The Manichees divided their members between the elite 'Elect' and the 'hearers'.

[11] Jack Finegan, Myth & Mystery: An Introduction to the Pagan Religions of the Biblical World. (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1989), 286.

[12] Augustine, Confessions, 5.5.8 (NPNF, 2nd series, Vol. 1, 81-82).

[13] Finegan, 293-294.

[14] Augustine, Confessions, 5.11.21 (NPNF, 1st series Vol. 1, 87). Augustine points out that when pressed they were unable to produce uncorrupted copies.

[15] Burnaby, EB, Mac., Vol. 14, 397.

[16] Augustine, Confessions, 3.10.18 (NPNF, 1st series, Vol. 1, 66).

[17] Augustine, Confessions, 5.10.20; Saint Augustine, Confessions, 1961. R.S. Pine-Coffin, trans. (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1975), 104.

[18] Paul Johnson, A History of Christianity. (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1976), 114: "Manichees were secretive and had their own personal networks of contacts. That was one chief reason why they were hated by all established regimes."

[19] Augustine, Confessions, 5.13.23 (NPNF, 1st series, Vol. 1, 88).

[20] Brown, Augustine, 95: "Ambrose, who had read Plotinus, patently ransacked his author: it is possible to trace literal borrowings from Plotinus in the bishop's sermons."

[21] Augustine, Confessions, 6.4.6 (NPNF, 1st series, Vol. 1, 92).

[22] Augustine, Confessions, 5.14.24 (NPNF, 1st series, Vol. 1, 88).

[23] Augustine, Confessions, 6.5.7-8 (NPNF, 1st series, Vol. 1, 93).

[24] Ronald J. Teske, Saint Augustine on Genesis, The Fathers of the Church, Vol. 84. (Washington, DC.: The Catholic Univesity of America Press, 1991), 14.

[25] See Augustine, Confessions, 8.12.28-30 (NPNF, 1st series, Vol. 1, 127).

[26] Augustine, Confessions, 1.13.20-1.14.23 (NPNF, 1st series, Vol. 1, 52-53).

Bibliographies

Book or monograph A. Di Benardino, ed. Patrology, Vol. 4. Westminster: Christian Classics, 1986: pp.342-462. Full bibliography of editions and translations up to 1986.

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Primary Sources

On-line Resource Augustine (Christian Classic Ethereal Library)
Book or monograph Augustine, Against Julian, Fathers of the Church, Vol.35, trans. Matthew A. Schumacher. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1992. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200350. pp.407. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine: Answer to the Pelagians IAugustine, Answer to the Pelagians I. New City Press, 1997. Hbk. ISBN: 1565480929. pp.632. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Answer to the Pelagians II. New City Press, 1998. Hbk. ISBN: 1565481070. pp.632.{CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine: Answer to the Pelagians IIIAugustine, Answer to the Pelagians III. New City Press, 1999. Hbk. ISBN: 1565481291. pp.776.{CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine: Augustine on Christian DoctrineAugustine, Augustine on Christian Doctrine, D.W. Robertson, translator. Prentice Hall / Penguin Putnam, 1988. Pbk. ISBN: 0024021504. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, The Catholic and Manichaean Ways of Life, Fathers of the Church, Vol.56, trans. Donald A. & Idella J. Gallagher. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200563. pp.128. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Fathers of the Church, Vol.2Augustine, Christian Instruction, Adminition and Grace, The Christian Cambat, Faith, Hope, and Charity, Fathers of the Church, Vol.2, trans. John J. Gavigan et al. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. Pbk. ISBN: 0813213185. pp.494. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine: The City of GodSt. Augustine, Concerning the City of God Against the Pagans, trans. Henry Bettenson, 1972. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1985. Pbk. ISBN: 0140444262. pp.1096. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine: The City of GodAugustine, The City of God Against the Pagans, Robert Dyson, editor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Pbk. ISBN: 0521468434. pp.1278. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine: ConfessionsAugustine, Saint Augustine Confessions, 1961, R.S. Pine-Coffin, translator. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970. Pbk. ISBN: 014044114X. pp.352. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Confessions, Fathers of the Church, Vol.21, trans. Vernon J. Bourke. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200210. pp.481. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Eighty-Three Different QuestionsAugustine, Eighty-Three Different Questions, Fathers of the Church, Vol. 70, trans. David L. Mosher. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. Hbk. ISBN: 0813213231. pp.257. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine: The First Catechetical InstructionAugustine, The First Catechetical Instruction. Ancient Christian Writers Series. New York: Paulist Press, 1947. Hbk. ISBN: 0809100479. pp.176. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Four Anti-Pelagian Writings: "On Nature and Grace", "On the Proceedings of Pelagius", "On the Predestination of the Saints", and "On the Gift of Perseveran," Fathers of the Church, Vol. 86. John A. Nourant & William J. Collinge, translators. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1993. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200865. pp.350. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Letters, Vol. 1 (1-82), Fathers of the Church, Vol. 12, trans. Wilfred Parson. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200121. pp.420. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Letters, Vol. 2 (83-130), Fathers of the Church, Vol. 18, trans. Wilfred Parson. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200180. pp.401. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Letters, Vol. 3 (131-164), Fathers of the Church, Vol. 20, trans. Wilfred Parson. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200202. pp.398. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Letters, Vol. 4 (165-203), Fathers of the Church, Vol. 30, trans. Wilfred Parson. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. Hbk. ISBN: 081320030X. pp.421. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Letters, Vol. 5 (204-270), Fathers of the Church, Vol. 32, trans. Wilfred Parson. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200326. pp.317. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Letters, Vol. 6 (1*-29*), Fathers of the Church, Vol. 81, trans. Robert B. Eno. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200814. pp.208. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph St Augustine: The Literal Meaning of GenesisJohn H. Taylor, translator, St Augustine, The Literal Meaning of Genesis, Johannes Quasten, Walter J. Burghardt & Thomas C. Lawler, eds. Ancient Christian Writers: The Works of the Fathers in Translation, No. 41. New York: Newman Press, 1983. ISBN: 0809103265. pp.296.. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph St Augustine: The Literal Meaning of GenesisJohn H. Taylor, translator, St Augustine, The Literal Meaning of Genesis, Johannes Quasten, Walter J. Burghardt & Thomas C. Lawler, eds. Ancient Christian Writers: The Works of the Fathers in Translation, No. 42. New York: Newman Press, 1983. ISBN: 0809103273. pp.360. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine: The Lord's Sermon on the MountAugustine, The Lord's Sermon on the Mount. Ancient Christian Writers. J J Jepson, trans. New York: Paulist Press, 1948. Hbk. ISBN: 0809102463. pp.238. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, On Genesis. Two Books on Genesis against the Manichees and On the Literal Interpretation of Genesis: An Unfinished Book, Fathers of the Church, Volume 84, .Roland Teske, S.J., translator, Washington, D.C.; The Catholic University of America Press, 1991. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200849. pp.210. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine: The RetractionsAugustine, The Retractions. Fathers of the Church, Vol. 60. Mary Inez Bogan, translator. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1968. Hbk. ISBN: 0813209706. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, "Soliloquies" and "Immortality of the Soul," Classical Texts, G. Watson, ed. Aris & Phillips, 1990. Pbk. ISBN: 0856685062. pp.260. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Tractates on the Gospel of John, 1-10. Fathers of the Church, Vol. 78. John W. Rettig, translator. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 2000. Hbk. ISBN: 0813210283. pp.236. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Tractates on the Gospel of John, 11-27. Fathers of the Church, Vol. 79. John W. Rettig, translator. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1989. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200792. pp.306. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Tractates on the Gospel of John, 28-54. Fathers of the Church, Vol. 88. John W. Rettig, translator. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1993. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200881. pp.320. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Tractates on the Gospel of John, 55-111. Fathers of the Church, Vol. 90. John W. Rettig, translator. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1994. Hbk. ISBN: 0813200903. pp.328. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Tractates on the Gospel of John, 112-124. Fathers of the Church, Vol. 92. John W. Rettig, translator. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1995. Hbk. ISBN: 081320092X. pp.328. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Treatises on Marriage and Other Subjects. Fathers of the Church, Vol. 27. Charles T. Willcox, et al, , translators. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press. Hbk. ISBN: 0813209676. pp.456. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine, Treatises on Various Subjects. Fathers of the Church, Vol. 16. Mary Sarah Muldowney, translator. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press. Hbk. ISBN: 0813213207. pp.479. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine: The TrinityAugustine, The Trinity. New City Press, 1991. Pbk. ISBN: 0911782966. pp.471. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Burleigh: Augustine: Earlier WritingsJohn Burleigh, Augustine: Earlier Writings. Westminster / John Knox, 1996. Pbk. ISBN: 066424162X. pp.413. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Burnaby: Augustine: Later WorksJohn Burnaby, Augustine: Later Works. Westminster / John Knox, 1996. Pbk. ISBN: 0664241654. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine: Major WritingsBenedict J. Groeschel, Augustine: Major Writings. Crossroad, 1994. Pbk. ISBN: 0824525051. pp.178. {CBD} {Amazon.com}

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Secondary Sources

Book or monograph Jeremy deQuesnay Adams, The "Populus" of Augustine and Jerome: A Study in the Patristic Sense of Community. New haven, 1971. ISBN: 0300014023. pp.278. {Amazon.com}
Article R. Albertine, "Selected Survey of the Theme of 'Spiritual Sacrifice' to Augustine," Ephermerides liturgicae 104 (1990): 35-50.
Article M. Alfeche, "Groaning of Creation in the Theology of Augustine," Augustius-Lexikon 34 (1984): 5-52.
Article M. Alfeche, "The Basis of Hope in the Resurrection of the Body According to Augustine," Augustius-Lexikon 36 (1986): 240-96.
Article M. Alfeche, "The Rising of the Dead in the Works of Augustine (1 Cor 15: 35-57)," Augustius-Lexikon 37 (1987): 122-86.
Article R. Arbesmann, "Christ the medicus humilus in St. Ausgustine," Augustinus Magister (1954).
Article M.A. Alcoin, "Augustine and John Chrysostom: Commentators on St. John's Prologue," Science et esprit 15 (1963): 123-31.
Article M.E. Alflatt, "The Development of the Idea of Involuntary Sin in St. Augustine," Revue des Études Augustiniennes 20 (1974): 113-34.
Article M.E. Alflatt, "The Responsibility for Involuntary Sin in Saint Augustine," Recherches Augustiniennes 10 (1975): 171-86.
Book or monograph A. Hilary Armstrong, Augustine and Christian Philosophy. Villanova: Villanova University Press, 1967.
Article F.B.A. Asiedu, "Augustine's Christian-Platonist Account of Goodness: A Reconsideration," Heythrop Journal 43.3 (2002): 328-343.
Article Robert H. Ayers, "Language Theory and Analysis in Augustine," Scottish Journal of Theology 29 (1976): 1-
Book or monograph Robert H. Ayers, Language, Logic, and Reason in the Church Fathers: A Study of Tertullian, Augustine, and Aquinas. Altertumswissenschaftliche Texte Und Studien Series 6. Hildersheim: Olms Edition, 1979. Pbk. ISBN: 3487066297. pp.146. {Amazon.com}
Article R.G. Babcock, "Augustine's De Genesi ad litteram and Horace's Satire 1,2," Revue des études augustiennes 33 (1987): 265-68.
Article W.S. Babcock, "Augustine's Interpretation of Romans (AD 394-396)," Augustinian Studies 10 (1979): 55-74.
Article W.S. Babcock, "Augustine and Paul: The Case of Romans IX," Studia Patristica 16 (1985): 473-79.
Article D.L. Balás, "The Encounter Between Christianity and Contemporary Philosophy in the Second Century," Anglican Theological Review, Vol. 50 (1968): 3-15.
Article C.P.Bammel, "Augustine, Origen and the Exegesis of St. Paul," Augustinianum 32 (1992): 341-67.
Article C.P. Bammel, "Justification by Faith in Augustine and Origen," Journal of Ecclesiastical History 47.2 (1996): 223-235.
Article Michel R. Barnes, "The Arians of Book V, and the Genre of De Trinitate," Journal of Theological Studies 44.1 (1993): 185-195.
Book or monograph Roy W. Battenhouse, A Companion to the Study of St. Augustine. New York\: Oxford University Press, 1955. 425 pp. Hbk. ISBN: 0801007607. {Amazon.com}
Article T.J. van Bavel, "Augustine's View of Women," Augustiniana 39 (1989): 5-53.
On-line Resource The Platonist Christian cosmology of Origen, Augustine, and Eriugena (Wynand de Beer)View in PDF format
Article Stephen D. Benin, "Sacrifice as Education in Augustine and Chrysostom," Church History 52.1 (1983): 7-20.
On-line Resource Augustine's Theory of Interpretation (Joshua Benson)
Article C. Clifton Black, "Serving the Food of Full-Grown Adults. Augustine's Interpretation of Scripture and the Nurture of Christians," Interpretation 52.4 (Oct. 1998): 341-353.
Article Edwin A. Blum, "Augustine: The Bishop and Theologian," Bibliotheca Sacra 138: 549 (1981): 57-66.
Article Gerald I. Bonner, "Libido and Concupiscentia in St. Augustine," Studia Patristica, Vol. 6 (1962): 303-314.
Book or monograph Gerald Bonner, "Augustine as Biblical Scholar," P.R. Ackroyd & C.F. Evans, eds. The Cambridge History of the Bible, Vol. 1. From Beginnings to Jerome. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970. Hbk. ISBN: 0521074185. pp.541-562. {Amazon.com}
Article Gerald Bonner, Augustine and Modern Research on Pelagianism. The Saint Augustine Lecture 1971. Villanova: Villanova University Press, 1972. pp. ix + 84.
Article Gerald Bonner, "Augustine's Conception of Deification," Journal of Theological Studies 37 (1986): 369-86.
Article Gerald Bonner, "They Speak to Us across the Centuries 7. Augustine," Expository Times 109-10 (1998): 293-296.
On-line Resource Gerald Bray, "The Doctrine of the Trinity in Augustine's De Civitate Dei," European Journal of Theology 1.2 (1992): 141-150.View in PDF format [Reproduced by permission of the current copyright holder]
Book or monograph Pamela Bright, ed., St. Augustine and the Bible. Bible Through the Ages, 2. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1999. Pbk. ISBN: 0268006555. pp.376.
Book or monograph Peter Brown, Religion and Society in the Age of St. Augustine. London: Faber & Faber, 1972. Hbk. ISBN: 0060105542. {Amazon.com}
Article J.P Burns, "The Interpretation of Romans in the Pelagian Controversy," Augustinian Studies 10 (1979): 43-54.
Article P. Burns, "Augustine's Distinctive Use of Psalms in the Confessions," Augustinian Studies 24 (1993): 133-46.
Article C.P. Carlson, Jr., "The Natural Order and Historical Explanation in St. Augustine's 'City of God'," Augustiniana 21 (1971): 417-47.
Article Augustine Michael Casiday, "Apatheia and Sexuality in the Thought of Augustine and Cassian," St. Vladimir's Theological Quarterly 45.4 (2001): 359-394.
Article Henry Chadwick, "New Sermons of St Augustine," Journal of Theological Studies 47.1 (1996): 69-91.
Book or monograph Augustine: A Very Short IntroductionHenry Chadwick, Augustine: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford Paperbacks, 2001. Pbk. ISBN: 0192854526. pp.144. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Charles Norris Cochrane, Christianity and Classical Culture: A Study of Thought and Action from Augustus to Augustine. New York: Oxford University Press, 1940. Pbk. ISBN: 0865974136. {Amazon.com}
Article Robert M. Cooper, "St. Augustine's Doctrine of Evil," Scottish Journal of Theology 16 (1963): 256-
On-line Resource Paul Copan, "Augustine And The Scandal Of The North African Catholic Mind," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 41:2 (June 1998): 287-295.
Book or monograph Herbert A. Deane, The Political And Social Ideas of St. Augustine. Columbia University Press, 1966. Pbk. ISBN: 0231085699. pp.356. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Concerning the Contemporaneity of St. Augustine (David R. Dilling, Ph.D.)
Book or monograph Augustine on EvilGillian Rosemary Evans, Augustine on Evil. Cambridge University Press, 1990. Pbk. ISBN: 052139743X. pp.216. {Amazon.com}
Article L.C. Ferrari, "The Pear-Theft in Augustine's 'Confessions'," Revue des Études Augustiniennes 16 (1970):233-42.
Book or monograph J.N. Figgis, The Political Aspects of St. Augustine's City of God, 1921.
Book or monograph Augustine Through the Ages:an EncyclopediaAllan Fitzgerald, editor. Augustine Through the Ages:an Encyclopedia. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1999. Hbk. ISBN: 080283843X. pp.960. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Article Ernest L. Fortin, "Reflections on the Proper Way to Read Augustine the Theologian," Augustinian Studies 2 (1971): 253-72.
Book or monograph Ernest L. Fortin, Political idealism and Christianity in the thought of St. Augustine. The Saint Augustine Lecture 1971. Villanova, PA: Villanova University, 1972. pp.58.
Article Karlfried Froehlich, "'Take Up and Read'. Basics of Augustine's Biblical Interpretation," Interpretation 58.1 (Jan. 2004): 5-16.
On-line Resource Ordering the Soul: Augustine's Manifold Legacy (Langdon Gilkey)
Book or monograph Etienne Gilson, The Christian Philosophy of Saint Augustine. New York: Random House, 1960. Hbk. ISBN: 0575009683. pp.461.
Article M.M. Gorman, "The Text of Saint Augustine's 'De Genesi ad litteram liber imperfectus'," Recherches augustiniennes 20 (1985): 65-86.
On-line Resource Chris Gousmett, "Creation Order and Miracle According to Augustine," The Evangelical Quarterly 60.3 (July 1988): 217-240.View in PDF format
Book or monograph S.J. Grabowski, The Church: An Introduction to the Theology of St. Augustine. St. Louis, 1957.
On-line Resource Graham Keith, "Can Anything Good Come out of Allegory? The Cases of Origen and Augustine," The Evangelical Quarterly 70.1 (1998): 23-49. View in PDF format
Article W.B. Green, "St. Augustine on Time," Scottish Journal of Theology 18 (1965): 148-
Article Carl W. Griffin & David L. Paulsen, "Augustine and the Corporeality of God," Harvard Theological Review 95.1 (2002): 97-118.
Article Colin Gunton, "Augustine, the Trinity and the Theological Crisis of the West," Scottish Journal of Theology 43 (1990): 33-
Article Gordon J. Hamilton, "Augustine's Methods of Biblical Interpretation," Hugo A. Meynell, ed. Grace, Politics & Desire: Essays on Augustine. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1990. Pbk. ISBN: 0919813550. pp.103-119. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Hanby: Augustine and ModernityMichael Hanby, Augustine and Modernity. Radical Orthodoxy Series. London: Routledge, an imprint of Taylor & Francis Books Ltd., 2003. Pbk. ISBN: 0415284694. pp.304. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Augustine and the Doctrine of Justification Debates: Appropriating Augustine's Doctrine of Culpability (Gerald Hiestand)
Article E. Hill, "St. Augustine's De Trinitate. The Doctrinal Significance of its Structure," Revue des Études Augustiniennes 19 (1973): 277-86.
Article David G. Hunter, "Augustine and the Making of Marriage in Roman North Africa," Journal of Early Christian Studies 11.1 (2003): 63-85.
Article D.W. Johnson, "Verbum in the Early Augustine (386-397)," Recherches Augustiniennes 8 (1972): 25-53.
Article P.D. Johnson, "Virtus: Transition from Classical Latin to the 'De Civitate Dei'," Augustinian Studies 6 (1975): 117-24.
Book or monograph Charles Kannengiesser, A Conflict of Christian Hermeneutics in Roman Africa: Tyconius and Augustine. Berkeley, CA: Center for Hermeneutical Studies, 1989. Pbk. ISBN: 0892420596. pp.87. {Amazon.com}
Article Peter Ivan Kaufman, "Augustine, Martyrs, and Misery," Church History 63.1 (1994): 1-14.
On-line Resource Graham Keith, "Can Anything Good Come out of Allegory? The Cases of Origen and Augustine," The Evangelical Quarterly 70.1 (Jan.-Mar. 1998): 23-49. View in PDF format
Book or monograph Augustine and His WorldAndrew Knowles & Pachomios Penkett, Augustine and His World. IVP Histories. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2004. Pbk. ISBN: 0830823565. pp.183. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Louis G. Kelly, "Linguistics and translation in Saint Augustine," Bible Translator 24.1 (Jan. 1973): 134-139.View in PDF format
Book or monograph Kotze: Augustine's Confessions: Communicative Purpose and AudienceAnnemare Kotze, Augustine's Confessions: Communicative Purpose and Audience. Leiden: Brill, 2004. Hbk. ISBN: 9004139265. pp.286. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph The Cambridge Companion to AugustineNorman Kretzmann & Eleonore Stump, editors. The Cambridge Companion to Augustine. Cambridge University Press, 2001. Pbk. ISBN: 052165985X. pp.322. {Amazon.com}
Article Émilien Lamirande, "A Significant Contribution to Our Understanding of Augustine's Ecclesiology," Augustinian Studies 5 (1974): 237-48.
Book or monograph Émilien Lamirande, Church, State, and Toleration: an Intriguing Change of Mind in Augustine. The Saint Augustine Lecture 1974. Villanova, PA: Villanova University, 1975. pp.78.
On-line Resource Louis Lavallee, "Augustine on the creation days," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 32.4 (Dec. 1989): 457-464. View in PDF format
Article George Lawless, "On Understanding Augustine of Hippo," Downside Review 100 (1982): 31-46.
Article George P. Lawless, Augustine of Hippo and his Monastic Rule. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987. pp. xx + 185.
Article H.J. Leowen, "The Use of Scripture in Augustine's," Scottish Journal Theology 34 (1981): 201-24.
On-line Resource Gordon R. Lewis, "Violence in the Name of Christ: The Significance of Augustine's Donatist Controversy For Today," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 14.2 (Spring 1971): 103-110.View in PDF format
Article Gordon Lewis, "Faith And History In St. Augustine," Trinity Journal 3.1 (1982): 39-50.
Article Howard J. Loewen, "The Use of Scripture in Augustine's Theology," Scottish Journal of Theology 34 (1981): 201-
Article L.J. van Lof, "Tertullian and Augustine on Titus 3:10-11," Augustinus 38 (1993): 511-25.
Article L.J. van der Lof, "The 'Prophet' Abraham in the writings of Irenaeus, Tertullian, Ambrose and Augustine," Augustiniana 44 (1994): 17-29.
Article D.J. MacQueen, "St. Augustine's Concept of Property Ownership," Recherches Augustiniennes 8 (1972): 187-229.
Article D.J. MacQueen, "Contempus Dei: St Augustine on the Disorder of Pride in Society, and its Remedies," Recherches Augustiniennes 9 (1973): 227-93.
Book or monograph Robert Austin Markus, ed., Augustine: a Collection of Critical Essays. Modern studies in Philosophy. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, 1972. pp. xv + 423.
Book or monograph Robert Austin Markus, Saeculum: History and Society in the Theology of St. Augustine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1970. Reprinted: University Microfilms International, 2000. Pbk. ISBN: 0608157503. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph The Augustinian TraditionGareth B. Matthews, The Augustinian Tradition. University of California Press, 1998. Pbk. ISBN: 0520210018. pp.450. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Terry L. Meithe, "Augustine's Theory of Sense Knowledge," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 22.3 (Sept. 1979): 257-264.View in PDF format
Article Susan Mennel, "Augustine's I: The Knowing Subject and the Self," Journal of Early Christian Studies 2.3 (1994): 291-324.
Book or monograph Hugo A. Meynell, ed. Grace, Politics & Desire: Essays on Augustine. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, 1990. Pbk. ISBN: 0919813550. pp.193. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Terry L. Meithe, "Augustine's Theory of Sense Knowledge," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 22.3 (Sept. 1979): 257-264.View in PDF format
Book or monograph Margaret R. Miles, Augustine on the Body. Missoula: Scholars Press, 1979. ISBN: 0891302891. pp.184. {Amazon.com}
Article Margaret R. Miles, "Infancy, Parenting and Nourishment in Augustine's Confessions," Journal of the American Academy of Religion, Vol. 50 (1982): 349-364.
On-line Resource On Reading Augustine and on Augustine's Reading (Margaret R. Miles)
Book or monograph J.B. Mozley, A Treatise on the Augustinian Doctrine of Predestination. London, 1883.
On-line Resource Nick Needham, "Augustine of Hippo: The Relevance of His Life and Thought Today," Southern Baptist Journal of Theology 12.2 (Summer 2008): 38-50.
Book or monograph R.J. O'Connell, St. Augustine's Early Theory of Man. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968.
Article R.J. O'Connell, "Augustine's Rejection of the Fall of the Soul," Augustinian Studies 4 (1973): 1-32.
Book or monograph R.J O'Connell, Art and the Christian Intelligence in St. Augustine. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978. Hbk. ISBN: 0674046757. pp.272. {Amazon.com}
Article Gerald P. O'Daly, "Did St. Augustine Ever Believe in the Soul's Pre-Existence?" Augustinian Studies 5 (1974): 227-35.
Article Gerald P. O'Daly, "Time as Distentio and Augustine's Exegesis of Philippians 3:12-14," Revue des Études Augustiniennes 23 (1977): 265-71.
Book or monograph Gerald P. O'Daly, Augustine's Philosophy of the Mind. Berkeley / London: University of California Press / Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 1987. Hbk. ISBN: 0715621114. pp.248. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Gerard O'Daly, Platonism Pagan and Christian: Studies in Plotinus and Augustine. Variorum Collected Studies. Variorum, 2001. Hbk. ISBN: 0860788571. pp.300. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph J. van Oort, Jerusalem and Babylon: Study into Augustine's "City of God" and the Sources of His Doctrine of the Two Cities. Vigiliae Christianae Supplements Series14. Leiden: Brill, 1991. Hbk. ISBN: 9004093230. pp.438. {Amazon.com}
Article C.C. Pecknold, "How Augustine Used the Trinity: Functionalism and the Development of Doctrine," Anglican Theological Review 85.1 (2003): 127-141.
Article Rodney L. Petersen, "To Behold And Inhabit The Blessed Country: Revelation, Inspiration, Scripture And Infallibility. An Introductory Guide To Relections Upon Augustine, 1945-1980," Trinity Journal 4.2 (1983): 28-81.
Article D.E. Pilarczyk, "Jonah's Gourd: Augustine and Jerome on a New Translation of Sacred Scripture (Vg)," Bible Today 26 (1966): 1848-52.
Book or monograph S. Platten, Augustine's Legacy. London: Darton, Longman & Todd Ltd., 1997. Pbk. ISBN: 0232521557. pp.224.
Article T. Polanski, "Jerome as a Translator of Hebrew Poetry I. Grammar and Lexicography, II. Poetics, Discussion," Grazer Beiträge 18 (1992): 155-70.
Book or monograph Eugène Portalié, Guide to the Thought of Saint Augustine. London: Greenwood Press, 1975. Hbk. ISBN: 0837179920. pp.428. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Teaching of St. Augustine of Hippo (Eugène Portalié)
On-line Resource Works of St. Augustine of Hippo (Eugène Portalié)
Article J.G. Prendiville, "The Development of the Idea of Habit in the Thought of St. Augustine," Traditio 28 (1972): 29-99.
Article G.A. Press, "The Subject and Structure of Augustine's De Doctrina Christiana," Augustinian Studies 11 (1980): 99-124.
On-line Resource Peter Sanlon, "An Augustinian Mindset," Themelios 33.1 (May 2008): 39-45.
Book or monograph W.A. Schumacher, Spiritus and Spiritualis: A Study in the Sermons of St. Augustine. Mondelein: St. Mary of the Lake Seminary, 1957.
Book or monograph Augustine: His Thought in ContextT. Kermit Scott, Augustine: His Thought in Context. Paulist Press, 1995. Pbk. ISBN: 0809135663. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Article in Book Samuel J. Schultz, "Augustine and the Old Testament Canon," Bibliotheca Sacra 112: 447 (1955): 225-234.
Article in Book W.H. Semple, "Some Letters of St. Augustine (to Jerome, on Exegetical Questions," Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 33 (1950-51): 111-30.
On-line Resource Larry D. Sharp, "The Doctrines of Grace in Calvin and Augustine," The Evangelical Quarterly 52.2 (Apr.-June. 1980): 84-96.View in PDF format [All reasonable efforts have been made to contact the copyright holder of this article without success. If you hold the rights, please contact me]
Article in Book Theodore T. Shimmyo, "St Augustine's Treatment of the Donatist Heresy: An Interpretation," Patristic and Byzantine Review 10.3 (1991): 173-182.
Article in Book Laurence C. Sibley, Jr., "Late Have I Loved You: Augustinian Spirituality in Book 10 of the Confessions," Westminster Theological Journal 65.1 (2003): 69-81.
Book or monograph Studer: The Grace of Christ and the Grace of God in Augustine of HippoBasil Studer, The Grace of Christ and the Grace of God in Augustine of Hippo: Christocentrism or Theocentrism. Michael Glazier Books, 1997. Pbk. ISBN: 0814658555. pp.272. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph The Cambridge Companion to AugustineEleonore Stump & Norman Kretzmann, eds., The Cambridge Companion to Augustine. Cambridge Companions to Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Pbk. ISBN: 052165985X. pp.324. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph John Edward Sullivan, The Image of God: The Doctrine of Augustine and Its Influence. Dubuque, IA: Priory Press, 1963.
Book or monograph Eugene TeSelle, Augustine's Strategy as an Apologist. The Saint Augustine Lecture,1973. Villanova, PA: Villanova University Press, 1974. pp. vii + 85.
Article Eugene TeSelle, "Porphyry and Augustine," Augustinian Studies 5 (1974): 113-47.
Article Eugene TeSelle, "Some Reflections on Augustine's Use of Scripture," Augustinian Studies 7 (1976): 165-78.
Book or monograph TeSelle: Augustine the TheologianEugene TeSelle, Augustine the Theologian. New York, 1970. Reprinted: Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 2002. Pbk. ISBN: 1579109187. pp.382. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph TeSelle: AugustineEugene TeSelle, Augustine. Abingdon Pillars of Theology Series. Abingdon Press, 2006. Pbk. ISBN: 0687053617. pp.105. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource A. Craig Troxel, "What Did Augustine 'Confess' in His Confessions," Trinity Journal, 15.2 (1994): 163-179.
Book or monograph Joseph C. Schnaubelt & Frederick Van Fleteren, Augustine: Biblical Exegete. Augustinian Historical Institute, Series 5. New York: Peter Lang Pubishers Inc., 2001. Hbk. ISBN: 0820422924. pp.xvii + 397. {Amazon.com}
Article Mark Vessey, "Opus Imperfectum. Augustine and His Readers, 426-435 A.D," Vigiliae Christianae 52.3 (1998): 264-285.
On-line Resource B.B. Warfield, "Augustine and His 'Confessions'," The Princeton Theological Review 3.1 (1905): 81-126.View in PDF format [This material is in the Public Domain and can be freely distributed and copied]
Article Thomas A. Wassmer, "The Trinitarian Theology of Augustine and His Debt to Pltinus," Scottish Journal of Theology 14 (1961): 248-
Book or monograph Caroline White, The Correspondence (394-419) between Jerome and Augustine of Hippo. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press, 1991. Hbk. ISBN: 0889465991. pp.264. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph G.G. Willis, St. Augustine and the Donatist Controversy. London, 1950.
On-line Resource Henry J. Woods, S.J., Augustine and Evolution. A Study in the Saints De Genesi Ad Literam And De Trinitate. The Universal Knowledge Foundation, 1924. Hbk. View in PDF format
Article David F. Wright, "Rome, August 24, 410, and New York, September 11, 2001: Augustine and the End of the World," Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology 21.1 (2003): 57-71.

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Biographies

Book or monograph Bonner: St. Augustine of HippoGerald Bonner, St. Augustine of Hippo. London: Canterbury Press, 2002. Pbk. ISBN: 1853114421. pp.442. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Augustine of Hippo: A BiographyPeter Brown: Augustine of Hippo: A Biography, revised. University of California Press, 2000. Pbk. ISBN: 0520227573. pp.576. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Mary Clark, Augustine. Continuum International Publishing Group, 2000. Pbk. ISBN: 0826450873. pp.151. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Elizabeth Clark, ed., St. Augustine on Marriage and Sexuality. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1996. Pbk. ISBN: 081320867X. pp.136. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Benedict J. Groeschel, Augustine. St Pauls Publishing, 1995. ISBN: 0854395164. pp.178. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Harrison: AugustineCarol Harrison, Augustine: Christian Truth and Fractured Humanity. Christian Theology in Context. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Pbk. ISBN: 0198752199 . pp.256. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Augustine of Hippo, Bishop and Theologian (James E. Kiefer)
Book or monograph AugustineRobert E Meagher, Augustine, new edn. Hackett Publishing Co, Inc., 1998. Hbk. ISBN: 0872204448. pp.315. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph O'Meara: The Young AugustineJohn Joseph O'Meara, The Young Augustine: The Growth of St. Augustine's Mind Up to His Conversion, 2nd edn. Alba House, 2001. Pbk. ISBN: 0818908335. pp.222. {Amazon.com}
On-line Resource Life of St. Augustine of Hippo (Eugène Portalié)
Book or monograph Price: AugustineRichard Price, Augustine. Great Christian Thinkers series. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996. ISBN: 0006279163. pp.112. / Liguori Books, 1997. Pbk. ISBN: 076480118X. pp.112. {CBD} {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Warren Thomas Smith, Augustine: His Life and Thought. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1980. Pbk. ISBN: 0804208719. pp.204. {Amazon.com}
Book or monograph Norman P. Williams [1883-1943], The Ideas of the Fall and of Original Sin. London: Longmans & Green, 1927.
Book or monograph Saint AugustineGarry Wills, Saint Augustine. Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 1999. Hbk. ISBN: 0297842811. pp.160. {CBD} {Amazon.com}

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